There are many definitions of furniture, but we will stick to the simplest: it's movable, supports human activities, holds objects at a convenient height for working, and stores things. Furniture has long been a part of human culture and has evolved with the times. Read on to discover the evolution of furniture and why it is still important today. We can trace the evolution of furniture to about 30,000 years ago. Humans began building and carving furniture approximately 12,000 years ago, and we can see the use of animal hides for furniture as early as 3000 BCE.
30,000 years ago, people built and carve their own furniture
The earliest evidence of constructed furniture dates back to approximately 30,000 years ago, when people began carving pieces of bone, wood, and stone to serve as chairs, tables, and thrones. This earliest known furniture is a Venus figurine found in the Gagarino site in Russia, depicting a goddess sitting on a throne. The figurine is thought to date from 6000-5500 BC.
Humans first appeared in northeast Siberia, then spread to Europe, Asia, and Australia, before settling in North America and Australia. Genetic evidence suggests that Native Americans originated in northeast Siberia, although the exact timing has been disputed. Archaeologists have uncovered evidence of Native American culture throughout North and South America and sometimes still debate over their exact origins. Regardless of how long ago humans first settled in the Americas, the ability to build and carve furniture suggests that people were already living there before the modern human species was known to have evolved.
50,000 years ago, people used animal hides
Human beings have been using animal hides since the Paleolithic period to make furniture, clothing, and mobile shelters. The earliest known uses for animal hides include writing on parchment and making drum skins. Other hominids used fur clothing as well. Rawhide is a simpler form of hide and is commonly found in drum skins. The process of tanning animal hides was developed during this period.
12,000 years ago, people used wood
Around 12,000 years ago, people used wood for all kinds of things, from building ships to making furniture. Throughout history, people have used wood to build everything from early windmills to the wooden windows of ancient mosques. In addition, wood was used for the earliest boomerangs, which were invented by Aboriginal Australians more than 20,000 years ago. In the Bible, we read that wood was used for a variety of purposes, from building houses to crafting weapons.
During the Neolithic period, which lasted from 10000 to 6000 B.C., people used wood to build everything from houses to huts. These people used wooden toolkits to shave, chisel, and plane wood. They also began clearing land for farming and coppicing trees. This process promotes rapid regrowth of trees. This transition led to the development of intensive woodworking techniques, which were later adapted to make furniture.
3000 years ago, people used hides for furniture
For thousands of years, people have been using animal hides for household items, clothing, and even writing on parchment. As far back as 3000 years ago, the Egyptians were using hide glue for furniture. And it seems like this ancient practice didn't change much in that time. Ancient Egyptian artifacts are still stuck together and resembling their original counterparts. Until the introduction of PVAs, animal glue was the predominate adhesive in manufacturing.