A chest tube, also known as a thoracic catheter, is a sterile tube with a number of drainage holes that are inserted into the pleural space. The pleural space is the space between the parietal and visceral pleura and is also known as the pleural cavity.
A patient may require a chest drainage system any time the negative pressure in the pleural cavity is disrupted, resulting in respiratory distress. If you have undergone surgery and looking for placement of a surgical chest tube then you must refer to centese.com/cardiac-surgery/ for expert advice.
A small amount of fluid or air may be absorbed by the body without a chest tube. A large amount of fluid or air cannot be absorbed by the body and will require a drainage system.
A chest tube drainage system is a sterile, disposable system that consists of a compartment system that has a one-way valve, with one or multiple chambers, to remove air or fluid and prevent the return of the air or fluid back into the patient.
The chest tube connects directly to the collection chamber, which collects drainage from the pleural cavity. The chamber is calibrated to measure the drainage.
When a patient has a closed chest tube drainage system, it is the health care provider’s responsibility to assess the patient and the equipment frequently to ensure the equipment is patent and working effectively.